Visualising HEALPix results with Jupyter Notebook¶
In this tutorial we'll be showing you how to visualise HEALPix results using Jupyter Notebook in our OnDemand appliance on the Apocrita HPC cluster. We'll start with installing the required Python packages before demonstrating how to run the Healpy tutorial.
Information about running other components of HEALPix not covered in this tutorial can be found on our docs site.
Using pip and virtualenv¶
The installation procedure follows the standard method for virtual environments on a shared system.
Virtual environments allow us to install different collections of Python packages without experiencing conflicts, or versioning issues.
Loading applications using the module command¶
module avail python will show the available Python versions;
load python without the version number will load the default version into the
current session, and will also provide the pip and virtualenv commands. We'll
python/3.8.5 module to match the version of Python compatible with
module load python/3.8.5
Installing the Python packages in a virtual environment¶
We will now demonstrate how to create a virtual environment and install the
ipykernel packages, using the following commands:
virtualenv ~/healpix source ~/healpix/bin/activate pip install healpy ipykernel
The above commands only need to be run once - the
environment will continue to exist until removed or renamed.
Activating virtual environments within Jupyter Notebook¶
By default, virtual environments are not available within Jupyter Notebook. To enable this functionality, simply run the following command with the virtual environment activated:
python -m ipykernel install --user --name healpix
You only need to run this command once. The virtual environment will remain available within Jupyter Notebook as long as it is present in the original install location.
A similar process for Anaconda is also documented here.
Running the tutorial¶
Starting a Jupyter Notebook session in OnDemand¶
Now if you open a new Jupyter Notebook (CPU) session from OnDemand, you will
notice that the new
healpix virtual environment is available under the
Kernel -> Change Kernel menu, with the name
healpix. Similarly, it will
be available as an option under the File -> New notebook menu.
Let's create a new notebook and use the
healpix kernel. Save this file
healpy_tutorial.ipynb. Note that the currently active environment is
displayed in the top right corner.
Now, enter the Python code as published in the tutorial:
Click Run to execute the notebook and produce the same output as published in the tutorial, shown below:
Exiting the Jupyter Notebook session¶
When you have finished your analysis on Jupyter Notebook, please remember to delete your job by clicking the red Delete button within the OnDemand appliance to return the requested resources to the cluster queues.